What is Conduction?

Conduction explanation

If you work with electricity, you must be able to understand and define the conduction of heat and electricity. So, what is conduction? Simply put, conduction is the transmission of heat and electricity through substances. Conduction is essential for many everyday activities. Cooking up your favorite meal in a cast-iron skillet, or ironing your shirt for work both rely on conduction. What is conduction energy? Is conduction always desirable? We’ve defined the conduction of heat and electricity in-depth below!

How Conduction Works

So, what is conduction energy? How does conduction work? Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of heat or electricity from one atom to another through direct contact. Conduction takes place in solids, liquids, and gases. However, solids offer the most efficient energy transfer since their molecules are the most condensed. Let’s take a closer look at the two main types of conduction below:

Conduction of heat:

Heat conduction takes place when molecules increase in temperature and vibrate. This vibration and movement cause the molecules to pass heat to the surrounding molecules. This process continues like a domino effect. Accidentally grabbing a hot pan is a dangerous example of heat conduction, while the use of a heating pad to warm ailing muscles is a more soothing example. 

Conduction of electricity:

The conduction of electricity takes place when electrically charged particles move through a material. This movement can cause an electric current carried by either electrons or ions. The movement of the particles will depend upon the material, and will be dictated by Ohm’s law. Ohm’s law states that the current is proportional to the applied electric field. Metals are an example of extremely efficient conductors of electrical energy. 

Why Does Conduction Matter?

While conduction is a tried and true energy transfer method, it doesn’t come without risks. Electrical cables and connectors can become hazards when heat and electrical energy overload components. Conduction is mitigated by insulators, but prudence suggests treating conductors with abundant caution.

Damaged or malfunctioning wires, cables, or connectors can cause damage and injury through conduction. If improper insulation is used to coat a wire, eventually the conduction of heat can overwhelm the insulator and cause a fire. Additionally, the conduction of electricity can cause serious burns if uninterrupted. Fully understanding what is conduction energy can help you take on proper safety precautions and spot obvious risks that may be present. 

Work with Gateway Cable Company

Now that you can define the conduction of heat and electricity, you can work safely on your next project. If you are still a bit unsure and want to ask an expert, “what is conduction?” contact us today. We are happy to provide consultation on electrical principles and all of our products. Request a quote from us today to get the materials you need for your next job.