How Does Conduction Work: A Deeper Look

Conduction explanation


When it comes to electricity, conduction is a fundamental concept. It’s the process that makes our modern, tech-driven world tick. But what exactly is conduction, and how does it work? In this blog, we’ll dive into the details of conduction physics and explore its significance today!

What is Conduction?

So, how does conduction work? Conduction is the process by which electricity travels through a material. Think of it like the rush hour traffic of electrons. Just as vehicles move from one point to another along a road, electrons move through conductive materials, carrying electrical energy with them.

Not all materials are equal when it comes to conduction. Some materials, like copper and gold, are great conductors. They allow electrons to move freely, facilitating the flow of electricity. But what about other materials, like steel?

Does Steel Conduct Electricity?

You bet! Steel, an alloy primarily composed of iron and carbon, is indeed a conductor of electricity. While it may not conduct electricity, copper, or gold, it’s a cost-effective and robust option often used in large-scale industrial and infrastructure applications. No matter where you’re located, you’re sure to find numerous examples of steel being used in electrical systems.

Equip Yourself with Conduction Equipment

At TGC Company, we offer a range of conduction equipment designed to meet your electrical needs. Whether you’re an electrician, a DIY enthusiast, or a large-scale contractor, we’ve got the right tools and materials for you. Our products are competitively priced, with MSRP ranging from $100 to $500, ensuring high-quality conduction solutions that won’t break the bank.

When you work with electricity, you must fully understand and define the conduction of heat and electricity. 

So, what is conduction? Simply put, conduction is the transmission of heat and electricity through substances. Conduction physics is essential for many everyday activities. Cooking up your favorite meal in a cast-iron skillet or ironing your shirt for work rely on conduction. 

What is conduction energy? Is conduction always desirable? We’ve defined the conduction of heat and electricity in-depth below!

How Conduction Works

So, what is conduction energy? How does conduction work? Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of heat or electricity from one atom to another through direct contact. Conduction takes place in solids, liquids, and gases. However, solids offer the most efficient energy transfer since their molecules are the most condensed. Let’s take a closer look at the two main types of conduction below.

Conduction of Heat

Heat conduction takes place when molecules increase in temperature and vibrate. This vibration and movement cause the molecules to pass heat to the surrounding molecules. This process continues like a domino effect. Accidentally grabbing a hot pan is a dangerous example of heat conduction, while using a heating pad to warm ailing muscles is a more soothing example. 

Conduction of Electricity

The conduction of electricity takes place when electrically charged particles move through a material. This movement can cause an electric current carried by either electrons or ions. The movement of the particles will depend upon the material and will be dictated by Ohm’s law. Ohm’s law states that the current is proportional to the applied electric field. Metals are an example of exceptionally efficient conductors of electrical energy. 

Why Does Conduction Matter?

While conduction is a tried and true energy transfer method, it doesn’t come without risks. Electrical cables and connectors can become hazards when heat and electrical energy overload components. Conduction is mitigated by insulators, but prudence suggests treating conductors with abundant caution.

Damaged or malfunctioning wires, cables, or connectors can cause damage and injury through conduction. If improper insulation is used to coat a wire, at some point, the conduction of heat can overwhelm the insulator and cause a fire. Additionally, the conduction of electricity can cause significant burns if uninterrupted. Fully understanding what conduction physics is can help you take proper safety precautions and spot obvious risks that may be present. 

Work with Gateway Cable Company

Now that you can define the conduction of heat and electricity, you can work safely on your next project. If you are unsure and want to ask an expert, “What is conduction?”, contact us today. We are happy to provide consultation on electrical principles and our products. Visit our comprehensive guide on conduction physics for more information.