How to Test a Thermistor

Electronic Thermistor
Thermistors are used to measure changes in temperature and deliver changes in electrical resistance in response. Because these thermally sensitive resistors aim to maintain an absolute temperature for electronics and machinery, it is vital to ensure they are working properly at all times. Learn about how testing a thermistor can keep your electronics running at optimal performance.

Thermistor Failure Symptoms

Thermistors are typically used to regulate cold and heat, but they can also be used for measuring voltage, volume, and circuit protection. Many types of products rely on these resistors to maintain efficiency and proper functionality. The most common way to know if a thermistor is bad if it starts displaying inaccurate temperature readings. This can be caused by excessive heat, improper handling, a thermal mismatch, or a dip in resistance accuracy due to regular use and age. An open circuit can also lead to thermistor issues.

Testing a Thermistor

To check the accuracy of your thermistor, you will need:

  • A thermistor
  • A heating device of any kind, such as a blow dryer or space heater
  • A multimeter with an ohmmeter

Once you have your materials, you can begin evaluating your thermistor in a few quick steps.

  • Step 1: Make note of the current reading on your thermistor.
  • Step 2: Change the resistance value to its rated resistance value. If you cannot set to the rated value, this is an immediate sign that you are in need of a new thermistor.
  • Step 3: Apply heat to the thermistor and watch for changes. Thermistors should be able to adjust in seconds, so ff you do not see immediate resistance fluctuation, your product is faulty.

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